There’s no accidental ‘discovery’ that paves the way to fame and fortune. Securing a traditional publishing contract starts by securing an agent. You’ll submit a query letter and portions of (or your entire) manuscript to one or more literary agents over a period of time. Rejections or great big gaps of silence are to be expected. If an agent accepts your work, he/she will work on your behalf to attract an offer from a publisher. This can be a long, drawn-out process of pitching and reacting. There are no guarantees. While you’re waiting for an agent and publisher to nibble on your line, hundreds of thousands of fish (readers) are swimming right on by, unaware of your book because it isn’t out there.
In exchange for the licensing rights to your work, a traditional publisher will bring editorial, design, production and sometimes marketing expertise to the table.
You will give up almost all creative control. Sacrificing your creativity is the price you pay with a traditional publishing deal. The publisher’s editorial team may require you to totally restructure your manuscript, or they may simply request significant edits. Don’t expect final approval on the changes. Your ideas on title, cover, interior design and layout, may be considered but will be trumped by whatever the publisher thinks is best. Sometimes they’re even right, but not always. Read about one traditionally published author’s frustrating experience with this lack of control here.
The slow speed of the traditional publishing process can be frustrating. Finding a willing agent, a publisher, and then landing a publishing deal can potentially take years. Once you land a deal, the launch of your book may take anywhere from six to 30 months.
This is probably the most common of all myths about traditional publishing. Many authors prefer the reclusive, solitary act of writing and creating, and detest the idea of marketing their own work. It’s a myth that a traditional publishing deal means you’re off the hook when it comes to marketing. Traditional publishers no longer conceive, manage, and perform the lion’s share of marketing your book.
Be sure to know what type of marketing assistance you will receive from any publishing deal. Traditional publishers often leave it to authors to self-market their works. Agents and publishers are attracted to authors who already have a marketing platform in place – such as a thriving email list of readers. A simple listing in a bookstore’s catalog may be insufficient marketing help – you should expect more. In many cases, you’ll be expected to undertake your own social media and PR campaigns. And, you’ll be expected to pay for your own marketing collateral such as bookmarks.
Technically, this may be true. Your writing is directly tied to money coming in. Cool. But let’s look at the facts. The first fact is that many wanna-be published authors, especially first-timers, have already completed a draft of their manuscript when they start looking for a traditional publisher. What if you haven’t, and you secure a traditional publishing deal that includes an advance?
Let’s say the average publisher’s advance is in the neighbourhood of $10,000US. Contracts will often give you two years to complete the manuscript contemplated in the agreement. That’s $5,000 per year. Not really enough to stop working on anything else, is it? I don’t know anyone who can live comfortably on $5,000 per year. Then you need to understand that an advance is just that: an advance. Your traditional publisher expects you to ‘earn back’ that advance through the royalties from book sales. And that means that until sales have generated enough royalties to pay that advance back, you won’t get paid.
Income from royalties and book sales is far from a sure thing. And not just because there’s a possibility of a low volume of sales. The royalty rates themselves in a traditional publishing deal can be quite low. How low? Between 7 and 25 percent. Rates will vary based on book format as well, i.e. hardback vs. e-book vs. audio. You’ll also want to double check whether your publishing deal’s royalties are based on retail price, or net after their publishing costs.
Remember that the advance must be paid back before you receive any royalties. Many traditionally published authors never see another penny after their advance. You may only receive royalty reports once every six months, which can be a long time to wait to find out if and how well your book is selling.
Whether to pursue a traditional publishing deal for you and your book is a personal decision based on a list of factors that will be particular to you.
Interested in what the data says about the traditional publishing book market? Check out this report from one of our favourite resources: authorearnings.com.
Boni is co-founder of Ingenium Books and an author, editor, and ghostwriter. She also manages communications and media for the Alliance of Independent Authors. As an award-winning former Canadian television reporter, news anchor, producer, and talk show host, working under the names Boni Fox and Boni Fox Gray, Boni covered politics, government, the economy, health, First Nations, and crime. She won several Canadian Association of Broadcaster (CAB) awards and a Jack Webster Award for best documentary. Boni also held senior management roles in government, leading teams responsible for editorial, issues management, media relations, strategic communications planning. Boni is co-author of Rock Your Business: 26 Essential Lessons to Start, Run, and Grow Your New Business From the Ground Up.
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